In the summer of 1950, 12 days after the outbreak of the Korean war, FBI director J Edgar Hoover presented a plan to arrest 12,000 people and detain them permanently in military facilities and prisons. The names would come from a list compiled over years by Hoover, who was director of the bureau from 1924 to 1972.
The arrests, Hoover wrote in a plan presented to President Harry Truman, would be made under "a master warrant attached to a list of names".
The index of names "now contains approximately 12,000 individuals, of which approximately 97% are citizens of the United States," he wrote.
"In order to make effective these apprehensions, the proclamation suspends the writ of habeas corpus."
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